I have come upon extremely curious map dated 1575 and drawn by a Frenchman named Francois De Belleforest. See if you can find the map online in better resolution, look at the cities and settlements and read the inscriptions. Many interesting things can be found on this map.
Here is what Dmitry Mylnikov writes about this map:
On this map, it is interesting that the most important cities are depicted and signed.Additionally, many cities are depicted on the territory of Africa.We can also observe rivers that do not exist on modern maps.
While working on a number of articles about Tartary, I looked through a lot of old maps, and they all have one feature:on them, the authors can completely incorrectly depict the shape and the position of rivers, lakes and seas, islands and continents, but in doing so, the topology of objects, that is, their interrelations, is almost always correctly represented.The errors on what rivers the cities are located, which river falls into which other river, lake or sea, which seas are connected to other seas or oceans by straits, are practically not present.This is explained quite simply.It was not possible to accurately measure distances and the form of the objects, but where any strait through which you can sail to one or another country, or which rivers you need to sail in order to get to a particular city, were very well known by many travelers and traders.
In addition, a similar configuration of rivers in North Africa, where the Sahara desert should actually be found, is observed on other maps until the first half of the 18th century.And only after this moment, on this place, the “Grand Desert Sahara” begins to be designated, that is the great Sahara desert.It turns out that in the middle of the 16th century the Sahara was not yet in Africa.
It is also interesting that if the names of the cities in Europe, the Middle East, India and northern Africa are more or less consistent with what we know, then in the same Siberia or the territory of present-day China, the depiction of the cities is not even close!And there are surprisingly many cities depicted in Siberia, including clearly beyond the Arctic Circle:Taingim, Naiman, Turfon, Coβin, Calami, Obea.Do these names tell you about anything?
Much is also unclear with the territory of modern China.The names of most cities are clearly not Chinese.And where is Beijing?!It is widely believed that Beijing was the largest city in the world in the period from 1425 to 1650 and from 1710 to 1825.And even though we can see many cities in this place, but not the largest city in the world.Or the Chinese have not yet been relocated to our Earth and this happened after 1575?!
In the course of discussion of this map, it was suggested that the author could draw the nonexistent cities in order “to make it more beautiful”.However, if you look at the same North America, then the author does not “make up” anything.Since there are no cities, then nothing is depicted.And in Europe, he did not come up with anything.Although, there are oddities.It is very interesting which cities seemed significant to the author in Europe and on the territory of Russia.In Europe, there are:Lisbona (Lisbon), Sevilla, Lion, Brest, Paris, Ausburg, Wien, Danzic, Cracow, Buda, Ragura (?), Bergen, plus not clearly legible Constantinople.But a little to the right and below it we see Troy (Troia)!!!That is, in the second half of the 16th century its location was not only well known, but the city itself still existed.And the official version of history claims that Troy disappeared before our era.By the way, where is Rome?Or was there not enough room for the badge and inscription on the peninsula?
On the territory of Russia there are Moscow, Vysehrad, Novgorod, Solovki (!!!), and a certain S. Nicolas – Saint Nicholas (?).Frankly speaking, not very crowded.Or is it that only administrative centers of the territories are depicted?If so, then what is the population density in North Africa and in Siberia, if there are so many administrative centers there?
It is also interesting as to which European countries, according to the author, were worthy of being displayed on the map:England, Spain, Gaul, Germany, Greece, Italy, Russia, Sweden and Norway.Yeah, not very dense.Tartary, by the way, is indicated, although the border is shown in such a way that it is very close to Europe.And the total area, which the author attributed to Tartary, is relatively small.
It is interesting that the France itself, in the opinion of the author of the map, who is supposedly a Frenchman, is called Gallia, as in the time of the Roman Empire.But Rome is not present.Well, with all the rest, let’s say, the author could lie or exaggerate, but as his country is called, which according to the official myth by the time of the reign of Louis XI (1461-1483) actually put an end to feudal fragmentation and turned into an absolute monarchy, the author should have known?!It also cannot be said that this map was created by a complete ignoramus, since many things are displayed and indicated quite correctly.And it surrenders to me that this Frenchman (or the Gallic?) can be trusted more than the official historical myth.And if this is so, then in 1575, the catastrophe that led to the formation of the Sahara Desert, has not yet occurred.There are still cities and rivers present, which had disappeared after the disaster.
I happen to agree on many counts with Dmitry Mylnikov in regards to this map. However, when I first looked at this map, a few very important details immediately caught my full attention. First, there are no North or South Poles! Instead, the drawing of the “northern” landmasses are very similar to the continent of Daaria. The “southern” landmass is called none other than “the not yet known southern land”. In other words, there are no Arctic or Antarctica. But how can this be? Could the author of the map simply forget to place Australia on the map, and instead mixed up Antarctica with Australia?! It is highly doubtful. Second, not only is the Sahara Desert missing, but also several “important” modern landmarks are not on the map as well. I am, of course, referring to “The Eye of Sahara” and “Lake Victoria”.
My advice to you is this: study this map yourself and see what objective conclusions you can come to.